5 Nisan 2010 Pazartesi

Using the find command:

Find man page

Form of command: find <I>path</I> <I>operators</I>


    Search and list all files from current directory and down for the string <I>ABC</I>:
    find ./ -name "*" -exec grep -H <I>ABC</I> {} \;
    find ./ -type f -print | xargs grep -H "<I>ABC</I>" /dev/null
    egrep -r <I>ABC</I> * Find all files of a given type from current directory on down:
    find ./ -name "*.conf" -print Find all user files larger than 5Mb:
    find /home -size +5000000c -print Find all files owned by a user (defined by user id number. see /etc/passwd) on the system: (could take a very long time)
    find / -user 501 -print Find all files created or updated in the last five minutes: (Great for finding effects of make install)
    find / -cmin -5 Find all users in group 20 and change them to group 102: (execute as root)
    find / -group 20 -exec chown :102 {} \; Find all suid and setgid executables:
    find / \( -perm -4000 -o -perm -2000 \) -type f -exec ls -ldb {} \;
    find / -type f -perm +6000 -ls

    Note: suid executable binaries are programs which switch to root privileges to perform their tasks. These are created by applying a "sticky" bit: chmod +s. These programs should be watched as they are often the first point of entry for hackers. Thus it is prudent to run this command and remove the "sticky" bits from executables which either won't be used or are not required by users. chmod -s <I>filename</I>

    Find all world writable directories:
    find / -perm -0002 -type d -print Find all world writable files:
    find / -perm -0002 -type f -print
    find / -perm -2 ! -type l -ls Find files with no user:
    find / -nouser -o -nogroup -print Find files modified in the last two days:
    find / -mtime 2 -o -ctime 2 Compare two drives to see if all files are identical:
    find / -path /proc -prune -o -path /new-disk -prune -o -xtype f -exec cmp {} /new-disk{} \; </LI>

    refer :http://www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/LinuxTutorialSysAdmin.html#MONITOR

Hiç yorum yok:

Yorum Gönder